Turkish president win

Turkey referendum results showed a nation divided.  51.4 percent voting was 'yes'.  Turkish President has won a referendum which would change Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential democracy. Parliament would still have considerable powers. Nevertheless with the abolition of the post of prime minister and the authority to appoint ministers, members of the highest judiciary and to dissolve the national assembly, the powers of the president would be very significantly enhanced. Erdogan will still need to win the 2019 elections. Most of the votes came from the rural areas. Even in Istanbul, the birthplace of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), the majority voted against the 18-point package of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Millions the world over saw men and women hurl themselves on tanks to proclaim their attachment to democracy and abhorrence of military rule. Since he came to power in 2002, Mr Erdogan has achievements to his credit, including the consolidation of civilian supremacy and a robust economic growth. Over the one and a half decades of his rule, he has gradually moved away from some fundamentals of Ataturk's policies. He has also been at the center of global affairs, commanding NATO's second-biggest military on the border of Middle East war zones, taking in millions of Syrian refugees and controlling their further flow into Europe. He said Turkey would carry out as many military operations as necessary, wherever necessary, in its fight against terrorism.
The vote was close but not as close as some had predicted with the 'yes' campaign gaining 1.25 million more votes than the 'no' camp. The opposition is saying that not all votes have been counted and that they will contest some of the results but their protest is likely to be in vain. It will be 11 to 12 days before the final count is known. Turkey is now going to move from being a parliamentary democracy to a presidential republic. The post of Prime minister will disappear. The split between Turkey and the European states can only widen with this result, with the Europeans concerned that Turkey is sliding towards autocracy and that at some speed. Erdogan argues that concentration of power is needed to prevent instability. Opponents accuse him of leading a drive toward one-man rule in Turkey, a NATO member that borders Iran, Iraq and Syria and whose stability is of vital importance to the United States and the European Union. The main opposition party rejected the result and called for the vote to be annulled. Election authorities said preliminary results showed 51.4 percent of voters had backed the biggest overhaul of Turkish politics since the founding of the modern republic. U.S. President Donald Trump called Erdogan to congratulate him on his referendum victory. But the narrowness of his victory could add to volatility in a country that has lately survived an attempted coup, attacks by Islamists, a Kurdish insurgency, civil unrest and war across its Syrian border. The mission of observers from the 47-member Council of Europe, the continent's leading human rights body, said the referendum was an uneven contest. Support for "Yes" dominated campaign coverage, and the arrests of journalists and closure of media outlets silenced other views, the monitors said. Two largest opposition parties both challenged the referendum, saying it was deeply flawed. Turkey's foreign ministry dismissed the observers' criticism as lacking objectivity and impartiality.
The changes could keep him in power until 2029 or beyond, making him easily the most important figure in Turkish history since state founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk built a modern nation from the ashes of the Ottoman empire after World War One. Under the changes, most of which will only come into effect after the next elections, due in 2019, the president will appoint the cabinet and an undefined number of vice-presidents, and will be able to select and remove senior civil servants without parliamentary approval.
Now with a fresh mandate, Mr Erdogan should avoid meanness, show big- heartedness, unites a divided nation, use his new powers to end Turkey's 'deep state' image and reinvigorate the economy. His decision to restore the death penalty is also a clear signal that he has downgraded the priority of applying to join the European Union. This may please a right-wing Europe but it will disappoint also Turks. Erdogan will need to have the political imagination to address Turkish concerns about his style of governance and the political implications of his latest if hotly contested triumph.